The goal of kader is to supply functions to compute nonparametric kernel estimators for

The functions are based on the theory introduced in

A very brief summary of the theory and sort of a vignette is presented in Eichner, G. (2017): Kader - An R package for nonparametric kernel adjusted density estimation and regression. In: Ferger, D., et al. (eds.): From Statistics to Mathematical Finance, Festschrift in Honour of Winfried Stute. Springer International Publishing. To appear in Oct. 2017.


You can install kader from CRAN with:


or from github with:

# install.packages("devtools")


This example shows you how to estimate at x0 = 2 the value of the density function of the probability distribution underlying Old-Faithful’s eruptions data using the (nonrobust) method of Srihera & Stute (2011). The initial grid (given to Sigma) on which the minimization of the estimated MSE as a function of a (kernel-adjusting) scale parameter σ is started is rather coarse here to save computing time.

x0 <- 2
sigma <- seq(0.01, 10, length = 21)
fit <- kade(x = x0, data = faithful$eruptions, method = "nonrobust",
  Sigma = sigma, ticker = TRUE)
#> h set to n^(-1/5) with n = 272.
#> theta set to arithmetic mean of data in faithful$eruptions.
#> Using the adaptive method of Srihera & Stute (2011)
#> For each element in x: Computing estimated values of
#> bias and scaled variance on the sigma-grid.
#> Note: x has 1 element(s) and the sigma-grid 21.
#> As a little distraction, the 'ticker' documents the
#> computational progress (if you have set ticker = TRUE).
#> x[1]:sigma:1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21.
#> Minimizing MSEHat:
#> Step 1: Search smallest maximizer of VarHat.scaled on sigma-grid.
#> Step 2: Search smallest minimizer of MSEHat on sigma-grid to the
#>         LEFT of just found smallest maximizer of VarHat.scaled.
#> Step 3: Finer search for 'true' minimum of MSEHat using
#>         numerical minimization. (May take a while.)
#> sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.sigma:1.
#> Step 4: Check if numerically determined minimum is smaller
#>         than discrete one.
#>         Yes, optimize() was 'better' than grid search.
#> .
#>   x         y sigma.adap  msehat.min discr.min.smaller sig.range.adj
#> 1 2 0.5478784   1.996629 0.003822793             FALSE             0